Why Does God Let Satan Exist?


God is the creator of everything in the heavens and earth, thus he created Satan as well. It is said Satan is evil and he influences mankind to defy God. If God created man to worship Him but also created the devil who embodies evil, some may ask what is the purpose of Satan on earth? To what extent does Satan exercise his will on mankind? Is Satan to blame when anything bad happens to humans? In both the Qur’an and the Bible, there are verses about the creation of Satan and the purpose his existence.

Bible

Originally, God created Satan without sin. He was originally in charge of music in heaven; however, after pride entered his heart, it became his undoing. God allows Satan to still exist because He won't do anything until the end of the world. In Isaiah 14:12-15 this what the Bible has to say:

Isaiah 14:12-15

12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!

13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

Quran

God created Satan as one of His servants. However, Satan was arrogant when he refused to prostrate to Prophet Adam despite the commandment of God. Satan was then thrown out of heaven. He pleaded that God should allow him to live until the end of life in this world. God granted him that. However, God did not give Satan any power to control mankind beyond their freewill. God sent everyone to this world as a vicegerent and warn all that Satan is mankind’s greatest enemy. This is a test from God and every soul has choice to either follow the right track or deviate.

“And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, "Should I prostrate to one You created from clay? [Iblees] said, "Do You see this one whom You have honored above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few. [Allah] said, "Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you - an ample recompense.” Qur’an 17:61-64
“Indeed, My servants - no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.” Qur’an 15:42
“And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, "Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment." Qur’an 14:22

  • Edward Rajah

    If one should base his/ herself solely on what the bible has to say then it would be difficult to answer the question “why does God let Satan exist?” because much has been exempted by its initial custodian. The reason for this was to keep it portable and yet comprehensive for the salvation of man. Therefore, the posed question is slightly beyond the scope of the bible, but is explainable by its authorized caretaker, the Catholic church. The Catholic church being the only authorized body that can validate the doctrine of Christianity in AD 325 agreed upon the collection of books that should make up the bible in the First Council of Nicaea (Tertullian)⁠.

    However, Satan as we know today was not like anything we know about him when he was created. In the beginning, God created two kinds of creatures, the spiritual and corporeal of which the last of the creations in the latter was man. Thus, by reading the several passages in the Old and New Testaments with the aid of patristic and theological tradition, the following is deduced:

    “Diabolus enim et alii dæmones a Deo quidem naturâ creati sunt boni, sed ipsi per se facti sunt mali” (Kent 1908).

    “the Devil and the other demons were created by God good in their nature but they by themselves have made themselves evil” (Kent 1908).

    This understanding clearly suggests that it was never God’s intention to create evil in the first place, but rather it was a conscious effort, choice, or decision made by these entities. Thus, the Devil and demons were of supernatural grace and in a state of justification until they sinned and lost their privileges. Losing one’s privilege in heaven simply meant being thrown out of heaven because iniquity was never abhorred. This is recorded in the book of Isaiah 14:12-15, which is as follows:

    How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, who didst rise in the morning? how art thou fallen to the earth, that didst wound the nations? And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north. I will ascend above the height of the clouds, I will be like the most High. But yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, into the depth of the pit (Isaiah 14:12-15).

    The verse signifies the sin of pride or in a strict sense, spiritual lust, present in the heart of Lucifer (Satan) before his fall from heaven leading to his loss of heavenly glory. God’s initial intention for the creation of spiritual and corporeal creatures was for them to love him and be loved by him. However, things didn’t turn out be as planned because of the gift of freewill. One needs to realize that angels just like humans have a free mind and are capable of experiencing emotions such as anger and love. Thus, Satan is a person just like God is a trinity (three-persons, but one God) except that he is not corporeal and has willfully chosen to be a bad person just like Joseph Stalin was a bad person. The good news is Satan is less powerful than God.

    You may be wondering, “if Satan has become a bad person, why can’t God fix him or destroy him?” Well, if one is familiar with the workings of God, he/ she will realize that God believes in freewill and never destroys someone just because He has the power to do so, rather He awaits his/ her decisions and then acts appropriately. As a result, angels having been made from light and full of intellect are considered to intelligent to reason out for themselves the nature of God and make decisions whether to serve or rebel against Him. Consider this simple example, suppose you love a lady but later realize she does not love you, then you manage to fabricate an implant that can alter her feelings and make her love you, does that count as love as well as freewill? Satan was once God’s closest companion among the heavenly hosts, but chose to rebel against his creator. Such is the case with humans among themselves when one person challenges the other over power and control.

    However, if God decided to always prevent bad people from harming others then their real intentions and nature will never be known. As a result, people will most likely act in accordance to God’s divine will out of fear of eminent destruction such as returning to a state of non-existence for non-compliance. Such a life would be a like a life under a totalitarian leader of whom is called God. In addition, the Prophecies of St. Bridget of Sweden reveals the role of the Satan on earth as a result of man’s actions.

    “But, since man, who has been given free will, willfully rejects my commandments and obeys the devil, it is only right that he also experiences his tyranny and malice. This devil was created good by me, but fell by his own wicked will, and has become, so to speak, my servant for inflicting vengeance on the workers of evil” (St. Bridget, Chap. 1).

    Although Satan was never intended to exist, man’s conscious and deliberate effort to follow him and his tempting offerings has prompted God to allow him inflict pain on earth as a lesson for mankind and a call for repentance.

    “Therefore, do not doubt that the good spirit of God is with you when you desire nothing but God and are completely inflamed by him! Only I can do this, and it is impossible for the devil to come near you then. He also cannot come near to any evil man unless I allow it, either because of his sins, or some secret judgment that is known only to me. For he is my creature like all other things – he was created good by me, but made himself evil by his own malice therefore, I am Lord over him” (St. Bridget, Chap. 3).

  • Felicia Amos

    I dnt know!